IELTS Writing: Tips for Task 1
Writing Task 1 is designed to test your ability to interpret and present information that is given in short form, often as data within a diagram, graph, chart or table. You must present the information in your own words as complete sentences within paragraphs, that is, not in note form unless specifically requested. The minimum number of words you are required to write is 150. You are not asked to give opinions, make assumptions, or draw conclusions about the information given. The information may be presented to you in a number of ways, for instance, as:
• a graph
• a diagram of the stages of a process or procedure
• a bar or pie chart
• a sequence of events
• a table of information
• a picture of an object showing how it works.
1. USE “REFERENCE” STRUCTURES
When referring to a diagram, chart, table etc. use “reference” structures such as those given below.
This will assist the reader to know where your information comes from, and will effectively lead in
to what you have to say.
+ The table/ chart/ diagram/ graph/ figures/ statistics/ diagram + shows (that/how)…/ describes (that/ how)/ illustrates (that/ how)…
+ According to the/ As (is) shown in the/ As can be seen from the/ It can be seen from the/ We can see from the table/ chart/ diagram/graph/figures + that
+ It is clear-apparent from the + table/ chart/ diagram/graph/figures + that
Be careful not to use these “reference” structures too frequently to avoid unnecessary repetition.
2. Decline and increase – task 1
+ The price went down – fell – dropped – declined – decreased steeply
+ The price collapsed = suddenly decrease
+ The price plummeted/ plunged…=suddenly and quickly decrease.
+ The price tumbled = to decrease quickly and by a significant amount = to fall greatly in value in a short time without control.
+ The price suffered/ experienced/ saw a steep/ sharp decline/ decrease/ fall.
+ There was a plunge/ steep fall/ drop/ decline/ decrease in the price.
+ The price sank to a new low/ go into free fall/ sank to a low point.
+ The price increased/ grew/ went up/ rose rapidly.
+ The price shot up.
+ The price soared/ leaped/ climbed to a new peak/ hit a peak/ reach a peak/ reach a high.
+ The price soared spectacularly more than nine times its value in the previous year.
+ The price had soared a further twenty percent.
+ The price enjoyed/ saw a leap/ a steady rise/ a sharp increase.
+ The price is erratic.
+ The price fluctuated/ moved up and down.
+ The price fluctuated sharply/ wildly/ slightly.
+ The price rose and fell over the period.
+ The price went through/ experienced a period of erratic behaviors/ erratic period/ a period of volatility/ a volatile/ wild fluctuation.
+ The price then recovered, regaining its previous level.
+ The price regained its previous level.
+ The price dropped/ fell back to the January level.
+ The price shot up again to 200.
+ The price bounced back to 200.
+ The price bounced back after a steep plunge earlier this week.
+ The price made a steady recovery.
+ The price was steady.
+ The price remain stable/ constant.
+ The price leveled off.
+ The price did not change over the period.
+ The price … before stabilizing at…/ settling down to a more stable period.
+ The trend was definitely/ obviously upward/ downward.
3. Making predictions.
Occasionally a graph showing trends predicts what may happen in future. In that case you can not say that something will happen. only that it may or could. The modals may, might, or could are generally too vague and uncertain to be used, however. The most common expressions for discussing possible future trends are:
+ It is predicted/ forecast/ projected/ expected/ suggested/ likely/ probable that…+ will-clause.
+ It is predicted that A will-clause
Note: It is predicted that + …might/ may/ could +… is too uncertain, too weak.
Leave a Reply
You must be logged in to post a comment.